Original German WW1 Lübeck Hanseatic Cross - post WW2 made (looks almost 100% identical to the inter-war examples, there are a few minor differences: 1. The enamel is more transparent, 2. The legs / claws of the eagle are black, not red, 3. The beak of the eagle is black, not red, 4. The eagle itself is thinner, 5. The back of the award is somewhat whiter / frosty, IN PERFECT CONDITION, ON NEW RIBBON, A REALLY NICE EXAMPLE WITH INTACT ENAMEL, DIFFICULT TO FIND - RARE AWARD, DEFINITELY THE RAREST OF THE 3 HANSEATIC CROSSES (THE ENAMEL IS 100% INTACT, I COULD NOT TAKE PHOTOS WITHOUT HAVING SOME LIGHT REFLECTIONS ON THE ARMS OF THE CROSS, THERE IS NO DAMAGE ON THE ENAMEL AT ALL) / GENUINE ST&L (STEINHAUER UND LUECK) MADE EXAMPLE, , GOOD EXAMPLE - NOT EASY TO FIND
FEW FACTS ABOUT POST WW2 MADE IMPERIAL GERMAN & FOREIGN AWARDS:
After WW2 wear and display of former Nazi decorations were strictly prohibited in Germany. As Germany split apart into East and West Germany, each of these new countries issued directives concerning the status of former awards and decorations of Nazi Germany. Within East Germany, these awards were all abolished with a new era of German Communist decorations created to take their place. However, in West Germany, pre 1933 issued awards were fully accepted to wear & display, therefore these awards (including foreign awards) were continuously produced after the end of the war by major manufacturers, such as Steinhauer & Lück, Deumer or Souval. In 1957 the West German government authorised replacement Iron Crosses with an Oak Leaf Cluster in place of the swastika, similar to the Iron Crosses of 1813, 1870, and 1914, which could be worn by World War II Iron Cross recipients. The 1957 law also authorised de-Nazified versions of most other World War II–era decorations (except those specifically associated with Nazi Party organizations, such as SS Long Service medals, or with the expansion of the German Reich, such as the medals for the annexation of Austria, the Sudetenland, and the Memel region).
HISTORY OF THE AWARD:
The Hanseatic Cross (Hanseatenkreuz) was a decoration of the three Hanseatic Cities of Bremen, Hamburg and Lübeck, who were member states of the German Empire during World War I. Each city-state established its own version of the cross, but the design and award criteria were similar for each. The Hanseatic Cross was jointly instituted by agreement of the senates (governments) of the three cities, with each senate ratifying the award on different days. The Lübeck version was established first, on August 21, 1915. The Hamburg version followed on September 10 and the Bremen version on September 14. The cross was awarded for merit in war, and could be awarded to civilians as well as military personnel. When awarded for bravery or combat merit, it was the three cities' equivalent of the Prussian Iron Cross. The Bremen Hanseatic Cross was awarded approximately 20,000 times. There were approximately 50,000 awards of the Hanseatic Cross of Hamburg, the largest Hanseatic city. Lübeck was the smallest of the Hanseatic cities, and its Hanseatic Cross was awarded approximately 8,000 to 10,000 times. The roll for the Lübeck Hanseatic Cross have been transcribed by an international team of phaleristic researchers from Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands. The Hanseatic Cross came in only one class, a cross worn from a ribbon on the left chest. The cross was a red-enameled silver cross pattée which bore the arms of the relevant city-state on the center medallion. The reverse was identical for all three versions and the center medallion bore the phrase "Für Verdienst im Kriege" ("for merit in war") and the date "1914".