Original German pre WW1 Prussian Commemorative Medal for 1864 for combatants (Kriegs-Denkmünze 1864 für Kämpfer), IN WORN CONDITION ON NEW RIBBON WITH REPAIRED / REPLACED EYELET, THIS AWARD WAS MADE FROM CAPTURED DANISH CANNONS, A GOOD WORN PIECE - THE AWARD IS NOT OFTEN SEEN
HISTORY OF THE AWARD:
Prussian Commemorative Medal for 1864 for combatants, from the bronze of captured Danish cannon (Kriegs-Denkmünze 1864 für Kämpfer, aus der Bronze eroberter dänischer Geschütz) - Circular bronze medal with laterally-pierced loop for ribbon suspension; the face with the crowned ciphers of King Wilhelm I of Prussia (left) and Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria (right); the reverse inscribed ‘UNSERN TAPFEREN KRIEGERN’ (Our brave warriors) and dated ‘1864’ within a circular laurel wreath; the edge inscribed ‘AUS EROBERTEM GESCHUETZ’ (from captured cannon). The medal, instituted on 10 November 1864, was produced for both Prussian and Austrian forces active in the war against Denmark from captured Danish cannon, that for Prussia being manufactured by the Royal Mint at Berlin. That for Austria had the cipher of Emperor Franz Joseph on the left. In 1863 the Danish Liberal government persuaded the new Christian IX, to sign a joint constitution for the Kingdom of Denmark and the Duchy of Schleswig, the majority of whose inhabitants were German. This contravened the agreement that had ended the war of 1848 to 1850 and Prussia, keen to annex Schleswig-Holstein, invaded on 1 February 1864. Austria, fearful of giving Prussia a free hand, also sent forces. The Danes faced superior numbers, training and equipment and by the time of an armistice on 12 May, most of Denmark was occupied. Negotiations failed and war broke out again on 26 June. Fighting finished on 20 July in total defeat for the Danes and under the treaty signed on 30 October Schleswig Holstein came under joint Austro-Prussian administration. In 1866, following the defeat of Austria by Prussia, the latter annexed both Duchies. The medal is becoming harder to find.